The procurement process for the stadium conversion began in 2014. The stadium was built as a joint venture by HBK Contracting (HBK) and China Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC). MEP works has been carried out by HBK Engineering.
The stadium was designed by British firm Foster + Partners, and Populous, Lusail Stadium will be ready by 2020. Like the other stadiums planned for the 2022 World Cup, the Lusail Stadium will be cooled using solar power and have a zero carbon footprint.
Construction began on 11 April 2017. The end of construction of the Stadium was originally scheduled for 2020. It was then to host three friendly matches until the 2022 World Cup, but as the completion of the stadium was postponed, it will subsequently host 10 games including the final.
Following the World Cup, it is expected to be reconfigured into a 40,000-seat stadium. Excess seating will be removed, and other parts of the building repurposed as a community space with shops, cafés, athletic and education facilities, and a health clinic.
Like other stadiums constructed for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, Lusail stadium received five star rating on 16 August 2022, for its design and construction, from the GSAS.
In a September 2021 report, Amnesty criticized Qatar for failing to investigate migrant workers' deaths.
In September 2022, Amnesty published the results of a poll of over 17,000 football fans from 15 countries which showed 73% supported FIFA compensating migrant workers in Qatar for human rights violations. FIFA issued a statement after Amnesty’s poll which cited the improvement that had been done for migrant workers.